FACTBOX-Countries put conditions on agreeing climate deal

Wed Dec 7, 2011 2:36pm GMT
 

LONDON Dec 7 (Reuters) - The world's major economies have set conditions on a global deal to combat climate change, at U.N.-backed talks this week in Durban, South Africa.

Countries have already agreed voluntary, domestic pledges to curb carbon emissions through 2020, widely viewed as inadequate to meet an international goal to limit global warming to less than 2 degrees Celsius.

In addition, the existing Kyoto Protocol commits nearly 40 industrialised countries to binding action until 2012, with the exception of the United States which never ratified it. It is unclear whether some of these countries may agree to extend the protocol until 2020.

Now all countries are debating whether they can commit this week to sign by 2015 a global, internationally binding deal which would take effect from 2020.

The major players have each set conditions for a deal by December 9, the final day of the Durban meeting:

CHINA - (the world's top emitter)

Last Sunday China set five conditions to making its domestic climate action binding under an international agreement from 2020:

1. Developed countries must extend beyond 2012 their existing obligations under the Kyoto Protocol   Continued...

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