UPDATE 3-China freezes nuclear approvals after Japan crisis

Wed Mar 16, 2011 3:22pm GMT
 

 * China suspends approval for new, proposed nuclear plants	
 * Making comprehensive checks of reactors, redrawing plans	
 * No abnormal radiation from Japan detected in China	
 * Expert says suspension temporary, nuclear push to continue	
 * Japan crisis will give Chinese safety officials more sway	
 (Adds details and additional expert comment in pars 8-11 and
16)	
 By Chris Buckley	
 BEIJING, March 16 (Reuters) - China's vast nuclear push is
likely to slow after the government ordered a safety crackdown
on Wednesday in the wake of Japan's nuclear crisis.	
 The announcement by China's State Council, or cabinet, was
the clearest sign yet that the crisis at a quake-ravaged nuclear
complex in northeast Japan could drag on China's ambitious
nuclear energy expansion, by far the world's largest.	
 A State Council meeting chaired by Premier Wen Jiabao told
Chinese residents they had nothing to fear about radiation
drifting from Japan's Fukushima Daiichi plant.	
 But China's own nuclear power plans would face tougher
scrutiny and adjustment, said the account of the meeting on the
government's website (www.gov.cn).	
 "We will temporarily suspend approval of nuclear power
projects, including those in the preliminary stages of
development, before nuclear safety regulations are approved,"
the statement said.	
 It urged using "the most advanced standards" for a safety
assessment of all nuclear plants under construction.	
 "Any hazards must be thoroughly dealt with, and those that
do not conform to safety standards must immediately cease
construction," the statement said.	
 Japan's crisis would bolster Chinese nuclear safety
officials' sway, said Mark Hibbs, an expert on nuclear policy in
China and other countries at the Carnegie Endowment for
International Peace.	
 "The regulators are playing catch-up with the Chinese
industry," said Hibbs, who is based in Berlin.	
 "The Japanese accident is going to give the regulators a lot
more political clout."	
 
	
 The government will also "adjust and improve the long and
medium-term plan for nuclear power development," said the State
Council. It did not say how long that step and setting the new
safety rules would take.	
 The safety push is likely to slow, but not stop, China's
expansion of nuclear power, which the government hopes will play
a big role in plans to cut dependence on coal over the next
decade, said one expert.	
 "The suspension (of new project approvals) is just a
temporary one and will not influence China's long-term nuclear
power construction plans," said Lin Boqiang, director of the
Center for Chinese Energy Economics Research.	
 The State Council said it had detected no abnormal levels of
radiation in China from Japan. Chinese experts had concluded
that wind would scatter any radiation from the crippled Japanese
plant over the Pacific Ocean, said the statement.	
 	
 PUBLIC OPPOSITION TO PLANS	
 Local governments across China have been vying for the
investment, jobs and kudos that the new reactors may bring.	
 "In some cases, the Chinese start digging on the reactor
site before the project has even been approved," said Hibbs, the
nuclear expert. "That puts a regulator under enormous pressure."	
 China is building about 28 reactors, or roughly 40 percent
of the world's total under construction, and the central
government has fast-tracked approvals in the past two years.	
 China now has only 10.8 gigawatts of nuclear generating
capacity in operation after over two decades of construction, so
the plan to get almost four times as much underway in the next
five years marks a dramatic acceleration.	
 China's official target, drawn up in 2007, was to increase
capacity to 40 GW by 2020. But China's biggest reactor builders,
the China National Nuclear Corporation and the China Guangdong
Nuclear Power Corporation, have both said that the country could
easily boost capacity to more than 100 GW.	
 The main beneficiaries of the programme include France's
Areva and U.S.-based Westinghouse, a unit of Japan's
Toshiba . Both have launched competing third-generation
reactors in China.	
 But there are already signs that Japan's crisis has ignited
public opposition in parts of China vying for nuclear plants.	
 Plans for a plant in Nanchong in Sichuan, the southwest
Chinese province devastated by an earthquake in 2008, have
attracted a surge of online denunciations in recent days.	
 "This nuclear crisis in Japan has made me sense the dread of
nuclear radiation," said one of many recent blog and Internet
message-board comments about the planned plant. "I vehemently
oppose building nuclear power in Sichuan."
 (Additional reporting by David Stanway, Tom Miles, and Langi
Chiang; Editing by Don Durfee, Ron Popeski and Daniel Magnowski)
 
 
 	

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