CHRONOLOGY-Worst Ebola outbreak on record tests global response

Tue Oct 21, 2014 12:06am GMT
 

Oct 20 (Reuters) - Global health authorities are struggling
to contain the world's worst Ebola epidemic since the disease
was identified in 1976.  The virus has killed more than 4,500
people. 
    Here is a timeline of the outbreak:    
    March 22: Guinea confirms a previously unidentified
hemorrhagic fever, which killed more than 50 people, is Ebola.
    March 30: Liberia reports two Ebola cases; suspected cases
reported in Sierra Leone.
    April 1: Medical charity Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF)
warns the epidemic's spread is "unprecedented." A World Health
Organization (WHO) spokesman calls it "relatively small still."
    April 4: Mob attacks Ebola treatment center in Guinea.
Healthcare workers there and in Sierra Leone and Liberia face
hostility from fearful, suspicious people.
    May 26: WHO confirms first Ebola deaths in Sierra Leone.
    June 17: Liberia reports Ebola in its capital, Monrovia.
    June 23: With deaths above 350, making the West African
outbreak the worst on record, MSF says it is "out of control"
and calls for massive resources.
    July 25: Nigeria confirms its first Ebola case, a man who
died in Lagos after traveling from Monrovia.
    July 29: Dr. Sheik Umar Khan, who was leading Sierra Leone's
fight against the epidemic, dies of Ebola.
    July 30: Liberia shuts schools, quarantines the
worst-affected communities, using troops for enforcement.
    Aug. 2: A U.S. missionary physician infected with Ebola in
Liberia is flown to Atlanta in the United States for treatment.
    Aug. 5: A second U.S. missionary infected with Ebola is
flown from Liberia to Atlanta for treatment.
    Aug. 8: WHO declares Ebola "international public health
emergency." 
    Aug. 12: WHO says death toll tops 1,000, approves use of
unproven drugs or vaccines.
    A Spanish priest with Ebola dies in Madrid hospital.
    Aug. 15: MSF says epidemic will take about six months to
control.
    Aug. 20: Security forces in Monrovia fire shots, tear gas to
disperse crowd trying to break out of quarantine, killing teen.
    Aug. 21: Two U.S. missionary aid workers treated in Atlanta
are released from hospital August 19 and 21 free of the virus.
    Aug. 24: Democratic Republic of Congo declares Ebola
outbreak, believed separate from West Africa epidemic.
    Infected British medical worker is flown home from Sierra
Leone for treatment.
    Aug. 28: WHO puts death toll above 1,550, warns outbreak
could infect more than 20,000.
    Aug. 29: Senegal reports first confirmed Ebola case.
    Sept 2: MSF president tells United Nations the world is
losing battle to contain Ebola, slams "global inaction".
    Sept. 3: Epidemic accelerates; deaths top 1,900. Officials
say close to 400 deaths in past week.
    Third U.S. missionary doctor infected with Ebola is flown
from Liberia for treatment in Omaha, Nebraska.
    Sept. 5: Latest WHO tally: more than 2,100 dead out of about
4,000 people thought to have been infected.
    Sept. 7: President Barack Obama says United States needs to
do more to help prevent Ebola from becoming a global crisis.
    Sept. 8: Britain to send military and humanitarian experts
to Sierra Leone to set up treatment center; United States to
send field hospital to Liberia to care for health workers.
    Fourth Ebola patient will be flown to United States for
treatment in Atlanta.
    Sept. 9: WHO says at least 2,296 dead out of 4,293 cases
recorded in five countries.
    Sept. 13: Liberia appeals to Obama for aid to fight Ebola.
    Sept. 16: United States promises to send 3,000 military
engineers and medical personnel to West Africa to build clinics
and train healthcare workers.
    WHO says 2,461 dead out of 4,985 infected, doubling death
toll in the past month.
    Sept. 17: MSF says French nurse volunteer in Liberia has
Ebola.
    Sept. 18: WHO says 2,630 dead out of 5,357 thought infected.
    United Nations special mission to combat Ebola will deploy
staff in Liberia, Guinea, Sierra Leone. Security Council adopts
resolution calling for lifting travel, border restrictions.
    French President Francois Hollande says military hospital
will be set up in Guinea.
    Sept. 19 - Streets in Sierra Leone's capital, Freetown, are
deserted under three-day lockdown to try to halt Ebola's spread.
    Sept. 20 - Liberian Thomas Eric Duncan flies from Liberia to
Dallas via Brussels and Washington after trying to help woman
with Ebola in his home country.
    Sept. 22 - WHO declares outbreak largely contained in
Senegal and Nigeria but says Ebola has killed more than 2,811
people in West Africa. 
    Sept. 23 - U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
(CDC) estimates between 550,000 and 1.4 million people in West
Africa may have Ebola by January.
    Sept. 25 -Duncan goes to Dallas hospital with fever,
abdominal pain. He is sent back to apartment where he is staying
despite telling a nurse he traveled from West Africa.
    Sept. 26 - New WHO tally: 3,091 dead out of 6,574 probable,
suspected and confirmed cases.
    Cuba says will send nearly 300 doctors and nurses to West
Africa to join 165 healthcare workers due there early October.
    Sept. 28 - Duncan returns by ambulance to Dallas hospital.
    Sept. 30 - CDC confirms Duncan has Ebola; first case
diagnosed in the United States.
    Oct. 1 - WHO says 3,338 dead out of 7,178 cases in West
Africa. 
    Oct. 2 - Britain pleads for international help to fight
epidemic at conference in London.
    NBC News says American freelance cameraman in its employ, 
Ashoka Mukpo, has Ebola; will be flown to United States for
treatment.
    Oct. 3 - WHO says 3,439 dead out of 7,492 suspected,
probable and confirmed cases in West Africa and the United
States, which has one.
    Ugandan doctor with Ebola arrives in Frankfurt from Sierra
Leone for treatment.
    Oct. 4 - Volunteer nurse in Liberia who was first French
national to contract Ebola leaves hospital outside Paris after
being successfully treated for the disease.
    Oct. 6 - Spanish nurse is infected with Ebola; she treated
infected Spanish priest who was repatriated to Madrid and died.
    Cameraman Mukpo in Omaha; taken to Nebraska Medical Center.
    Oct. 8 - Duncan, the first person diagnosed with Ebola in
the United States, dies in Dallas hospital.    
    U.S. government orders five major airports to screen
passengers from West Africa for fever.
    Oct. 9 - WHO revises Ebola death toll to 3,865 out of 8,033
cases, says there is no evidence epidemic is being brought under
control in West Africa.
    Britain to screen passengers entering country through
London's two main airports and Eurostar rail link with Europe.
    Some lawmakers call for United States to ban travelers from
the West African countries hit hardest by Ebola.
    Oct. 10 - WHO raises death toll to 4,033 out of 8,399 cases
in seven countries. Most fatalities are in Liberia, Sierra Leone
and Guinea.
    Oct. 11 - Medical teams at New York's John F. Kennedy
International airport begin screening travelers from three West
African countries for Ebola symptoms.
    Oct. 12 - Nurse in Dallas tests positive for Ebola, becoming
first person to contract the virus in the United States. Nina
Pham was infected while caring for Duncan at Texas Health
Presbyterian Hospital.
    Oct. 14- At Heathrow, London's busiest airport, Britain
begins screening travelers from West Africa.
    Sudanese U.N. medical official who contracted Ebola in
Liberia dies in German hospital.
    Oct. 15 - Officials say second Texas nurse who treated
Duncan has contracted Ebola. Amber Vinson will be treated at
Emory University Hospital in Atlanta.
    Authorities say Vinson took flight from Cleveland to
Dallas/Fort Worth International Airport while running slight
fever. 
    WHO raises death toll to 4,493 people out of 8,997 cases;
says epidemic still spreading in West Africa.
    Oct. 16 - U.S. congressional subcommittee sharply questions
health officials about response to Ebola in United States.
    U.S. National Institutes of Health says nurse Pham will be
moved from Dallas to an NIH isolation unit in Bethesda,
Maryland.    
    Oct. 17 - WHO raises death toll to 4,546 people out of 9,191
cases.
    Senegal declared free of Ebola.
    U.S. President Barack Obama appoints Ebola "czar."    
    Oct. 19 - Spanish nurse appears to be free of Ebola.
    Oct. 20 - Nigeria declared free of Ebola.
    Unidentified American who contracted Ebola in Sierra Leone
is released from Emory University Hospital in Atlanta.
    In Texas, 43 people taken off Ebola watch lists. About 260
still being monitored in Texas and Ohio.
    United States issues stricter guidelines for health workers
treating Ebola victims. No skin or hair exposed.

 (Writing by Jonathan Oatis; Editing by Lisa Shumaker, Toni
Reinhold)
 
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