FACTBOX-Key political risks to watch in Tanzania
By Fumbuka Ng'wanakilala
DAR ES SALAAM, April 12 (Reuters) - President Jakaya Kikwete plans to kickstart political reforms in the east African country, but some in his ruling party want to keep the status quo that has helped them stay in power since independence from Britain in 1961.
Kikwete is under pressure to change the constitution before the next presidential and parliamentary polls in 2015 from the opposition who say the basic law, adopted in 1977 under one-party rule, favours the ruling Chama Cha Mapinduzi (CCM) party.
Kikwete, who is serving his second and final term in office, has pledged to have a new constitution in place by 2014. He said a constitutional review team would start its work on April 13.
Opposition leaders want to limit presidential powers, introduce electoral reforms and allow independent candidates to stand for parliament as well as president.
They also want the law to allow presidential results to be challenged in court, which currently is prohibited.
Joseph Warioba, a former prime minister, heads the team to review the basic law. The team has equal representation of delegates from Tanzania and the semi-autonomous Zanzibar archipelago, which formed a union with mainland Tanzania in 1964.
The government said it plans to call for a referendum after the final document is approved by a constituent assembly. Continued...