Central Sudan tribe warn of war if no referendum vote

Thu Sep 30, 2010 6:04am GMT

KHARTOUM (Reuters) - Sudan's powerful Missiriya tribe on Wednesday warned it would fight anyone who prevented its members voting in a referendum on whether the oil-producing central Abyei region will join the south in a likely secession.

Sudan ended Africa's longest running civil war with a 2005 peace deal but north and south were unable to agree on the future of Abyei, which many fear will become Sudan's "Kashmir", a problem that could reignite conflict if left unresolved.

Abyei residents are set to vote on January 9 in a plebiscite to be held simultaneously with a referendum on southern independence, which analysts believe will result in secession.

The north says the Arab nomadic Missiriya, who spend months each year grazing cattle in Abyei, should vote in the plebiscite but the south disagrees. The resulting deadlock has stalled planning and the two have yet to agree on a commission to organise the vote due in almost three months.

"If they don't accept our votes in the referendum there will be no voting," the head of the Missiriya, Mokhtar Babo Nimr, told Reuters on Wednesday.

"We will use force to achieve our rights and we will use weapons against anyone who tries to stop us from voting in the referendum," he warned.

The Hague-based Permanent Court of Arbitration ruled on Abyei's borders after the north-south former foes could not agree. But the frontier has not been demarcated on the ground because of threats from the Missiriya who reject the ruling.

Eye witnesses said about 2,000 Missiriya demonstrated in the central town of Muglad on Wednesday and handed a list of demands to the U.N. office there including reviewing Abyei's borders and their right to vote in the plebiscite.

"If they don't meet our demands then we will set everything alight," said Babo Nimr. "If that leads to war then so be it."   Continued...

<p>A polling staff member seals a ballot box during a storm in a polling station on the last day of elections in Juba, south Sudan April 15, 2010. REUTERS/Goran Tomasevic</p>
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