FACTBOX-DR Congo's conflicts that refuse to end

Mon Apr 5, 2010 3:55pm GMT

Apr 5 (Reuters) - Several separate conflicts continue to afflict the Democratic Republic of Congo, which wants the United Nations' 22,000-strong peacekeeping force to quit the country in 2011.

The United Nations started its peacekeeping mission in the central African country in 1999 during a 1998-2003 war that drew in more than six African countries and killed as many as 5.4 million people. The mission, called MONUC, has since grown into the largest in the world.

Here are some details on the main conflicts in Congo:


A dispute dating back to 1946 over fishing pond rights in the province of Equateur has grown, most recently with a rebel attack on the provincial capital of Mbandaka.[ID:nLDE6340BZ

The conflict was renewed in July 2009 with a clash between two Lobala tribes, the Enyele and the Manzaya, and has since grown into a wider dispute between the Lobala and the Boba.

The dispute has developed into an ethnic tussle for economic and political power in the province, now an opposition stronghold. The Enyele, led by a mystic named Odjani, attacked Dongo in the far north in Oct. 2009, killing hundreds.

A surprise attack on the provincial capital, Mbandaka, on Sunday put the national FARDC army and U.N. peacekeepers under pressure. One peacekeeper was killed and another U.N. worker died of a heart attack.   Continued...

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