February 23, 2011 / 11:34 AM / in 7 years

FACTBOX-Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah

Feb 23 (Reuters) - Saudi Arabia’s King Abdullah, the sixth king to rule one of the world’s most conservative nations, returned home on Wednesday after three months abroad for medical treatment.

Here are some facts on Abdullah:

ABDULLAH AS KING:

-- Abdullah launched an overhaul of state education and the judiciary when he was crown prince, both of which were dominated by puritanical Wahhabi clerics and their supporters.

-- His measures were aimed at attracting more foreign investors and giving Saudis skills applicable beyond the bloated public sector to prepare for the day the kingdom’s vast mineral resources run out.

-- The social and economic reforms he started were to draw young Saudis away from radicalism, but Abdullah made no progress on political reform.

-- There is still no elected parliament and protests and political parties are banned.

-- In Feb. 2009, Abdullah removed two radical clerics from senior positions, but a few months later postponed for two years municipal elections in which women had hoped to participate for the first time.

-- Abdullah made a series of announcements ahead of his return home as protests over poverty, corruption and repression hit many countries in the region.

-- The measures included funding to offset high inflation and help for young unemployed people and students studying abroad.

FOREIGN POLICY:

-- Abdullah will be remembered for his landmark Arab peace initiative offering Israel normalised ties with Arab states in exchange for the return of Arab land occupied in 1967 -- a shift that pleased Washington but failed to get Israeli endorsement.

-- Despite a reputation for being more Arab nationalist than his pro-American brother, Abdullah worked to restore ties with Washington clouded by the Sept. 11 attacks and charges that Saudi Arabia’s Wahhabi Islam fostered anti-Western violence.

LIFE DETAILS:

-- Abdullah is one of state founder King Abdul-Aziz Ibn Saud’s 37 sons and was born around 1923.

-- For his support of Prince Faisal during Faisal’s power struggle with King Saud, Abdullah was rewarded in 1962 with command of the Saudi National Guard.

-- In 1975 King Khalid, Faisal’s successor, appointed him deputy prime minister, and seven years later King Fahd appointed him crown prince and first deputy prime minister.

-- In 1995 Fahd suffered a debilitating stroke and Abdullah briefly served as regent the following year. Although Fahd subsequently returned to power, Abdullah ran the country and became king after Fahd died in 2005.

-- When al Qaeda suicide bombers began a wave of attacks in 2003 aimed at toppling the House of Saud and severing links with an “infidel” West he launched an unprecedented crackdown, warning the battle could last for decades.

-- In a family famed for excesses, Abdullah’s fondness for retreats at his desert camp marks him out from other princes who preferred to spend summers in Mediterranean palaces. Sources: Reuters/britannica.com (Writing by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit;

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