December 15, 2010 / 11:34 AM / 9 years ago

FACTBOX-ICC suspects in Kenya post-election violence

NAIROBI, Dec 15 (Reuters) - Below are profiles of six suspects named by the International Crimal Court prosecutor on Wednesday as suspects behind Kenya’s 2008 post-election violence:


* President Mwai Kibaki named Uhuru Kenyatta as finance minister of east Africa’s biggest economy in January 2008.

* Kenyatta is the son of Kenya’s founding father Jomo Kenyatta and was named “Uhuru” for the Swahili word meaning freedom. He was born in October, 1961, two years before Kenya gained independence from Britain.

* A member of Kenya’s largest tribe, the Kikuyu, also Kibaki’s tribe, Kenyatta belongs to one of Kenya’s wealthiest families with extensive land and business holdings.

* Kenyatta also serves as Kibaki’s deputy prime minister in Kenya’s first coalition government. He has run for the country’s presidency, but lost to Kibaki in 2002.

* The ICC said on Wednesday that Kenyatta mobilised a local militia, the Mungiki, to attack supporters of a rival political party, the Orange Deomocratic Movement.

* Kenyatta has previously denied allegations that he is linked to the murderous, mafia-style Mungiki gang that operates in Nairobi and Central province, the heartland of the Kikuyus.

* The gang, which kills its victims by decapitation, was said to have taken part in retaliatory strikes against the Kalenjin group, which observers said started the attacks on the Kikuyu community living in Rift Valley.

* The state-funded Kenyan National Commission on Human Rights (KNCHR) said Kenyatta and others were architects of the violence after the disputed election. Kenyatta failed in a court bid to have his name expunged from the report.

* Kenyatta has said he is not worried about the ICC process, and said it would not affect Kenyan markets or the economy.

* Kenyatta’s party backed Kibaki in the disputed 2007 election that led to the bloodshed.


* Ruto was born on Dec. 21 1966 in Uasin Gishu in the Rift Valley. He is a Kalenjin, one of Kenya’s biggest tribes, and the tribe of former President Daniel arap Moi.

* Ruto gained a national profile when he was named the Organising Secretary of Youth for Kanu ‘92, a group formed to drum up support for Moi in the 1992 election.

* Ruto, who has declared publicly that he will stand for the presidency in the next general election in 2012, was suspended as Higher Education minister by Kibaki so that he can face corruption charges relating to a fraudulent land deal.

* Ruto is also one of the two deputy party leaders of the Orange Democratic Movement (ODM), whose leader and then Ruto ally, Prime Minister Raila Odinga, accused Kibaki of stealing the 2007 election.

* The ICC on Wednesday said Ruto was the principal planner and organizer of crimes against supporters of the Party of National Unity (PNU), headed by President Kibaki.

* Ruto, alongside Kenyatta, was implicated in orchestrating the post election violence by the KNCHR. He denies the allegations, and is fighting a legal battle to clear his name.

* Ruto and Odinga fell out after the coalition government was formed, and although Ruto still remains in the ODM, analysts expect him to form another party.

* Ruto unseccessfuly spearheaded the “No” campaign against a new constitution. Odinga and Kibaki supported the new law.

* Ruto travelled to The Hague last month in a bid to clear his name in connection with the election bloodshed.

* Last week Ruto asked the ICC not to name him and other suspects behind the violence in an application to The Hague based court.


* Muthaura was born on Oct. 20, 1946 in Meru, Kenya.

* The Meru tribe is closely linked to the Kikuyu tribe, which Kenya’s President Kibaki hails from.

* Muthaura is one of the closests allies of Kibaki, and a central pillar in the so-called Mount Kenya Mafia — a group of senior politicians and civil servants that have coalesced around Kibaki to form his trusted inner cabinet.

* A career diplomat with a low-key public persona, Muthaura was the Secretary General of the East African Community from 1996 to 2001, after holding several ambassadorial positions under then-president Daniel arap Moi.

* Mutahura also serves as the chairman of the National Security Advisory Committee. The ICC said he authorized the police to use excessive force against ODM supporters and to protect PNU youth groups.


* Ali, was born in 1956 in Eldoret in the Rift Valley, and is from the Somali ethinic community.

* He was the police chief during the violent clashes.

* Kibaki named Ali, a Brigadier in the Kenya Air Force, to head the police in 2004 at a time when crime was spiralling fast in Nairobi and countrywide.

* Ali was the first police commisioner to take the post from outside the the police force, and made his mark by vigorously clamping down on the activities of the Mungiki gang.

* The Mungiki, which means multitude, is a traditional religious group notorious for decapitating its victims.

* During the violence, the Kenyan police’s response using excessive force drew criticism and a human rights investigation showed that many of the deaths resulted from gunshot wounds folowing a “shoot to kill” order from the police heirarchy.

* It is also alleged some police were partisan during the violence and others neglected their duties.

* Ali now heads the Postal Corporation of Kenya.


* Kosgey, was born in 1947 and hails from the Kalenjin ethnic community, which groups a number of tribes.

* Kosgey is the chairman of the ODM. He has held several cabinet portfolios in a political career than spans decades.

* The ICC said on Wednesday he was a principal planner and organiser of crimes against PNU supporters.

* Kosgey was questioned on Nov. 3 by Kenya’s anti-corruption authority over the suspect import of hundreds of cars. Kenyan law bars cars that are more than eight years old from being imported into the country. He denied any wrongdoing.


* Sang is the head of operations at the privately-owned KASS FM, which broadcasts mainly in the Kalenjin language.

* The ICC said on Wednesday that during the post-election violence, he was a radio broadcaster, principal planner and organiser of crimes against PNU supporters.

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