March 22 (Reuters) - Renegade Malian soldiers went on state television on Thursday to declare they had seized power in protest at the government’s failure to quell a nomad-led rebellion in the north.
Here is a look at Mali over the last 20 years:
1990 - Tuaregs, fair-skinned nomads of Berber descent, launch rebellions in Mali and Niger, saying they were oppressed by black-dominated governments.
March 1991 - President Moussa Traore is arrested by his own troops and the army forms a National Reconciliation Council led by Amadou Toumani Toure.
April 1992 - Alpha Oumar Konare, a key figure in the uprising, is declared winner of Mali’s first freely contested presidential election.
June 2002 - Toure, a former paratroop officer, returns to power after winning an election landslide.
June 2006 - Mali reaches a peace agreement with Tuareg rebels seeking greater autonomy for their northern desert region.
April 2007 - Toure wins 71 percent of votes to guarantee a second five-year term. Toure’s nearest challenger, Ibrahim Boubacar Keita won 19.15 percent. Mali’s Constitutional Court rejected opposition complaints of fraud.
Dec. 2008 - Nine Malian government troops and 11 Tuareg fighters are killed when a rebel column attacks the Nampala army post near the Mauritanian border, despite a ceasefire between the government and the rebels.
Feb. 2009 - Nearly 600 rebels lay down their weapons in northern Mali in a sign that military pressure and Algerian mediation may be helping end the rebellion led by Tuareg nomads.
Jan. 2012 - Mali’s military says its armed forces killed 45 gunmen and lost two soldiers in attacks on two towns in the north, a toll rejected by the rebels.
Feb. 2012 - Mali will hold its presidential election on time in April despite the rebellion in the north, Toure says.
March 2012 - Mutineering Malian soldiers close the borders hours after declaring they seized power in protest at the government’s failure to quell the rebellion in the north.
— The coup was announced by the newly formed National Committee for the Return of Democracy and the Restoration of the State (CNRDR). A subsequent statement by Captain Amadou Sanogo, described as president of the CNRDR, declared an immediate curfew “until further notice”.
Reporting by David Cutler, London Editorial Reference Unit