BISHKEK (Reuters) - The five political parties that won seats in Kyrgyzstan’s new parliament have agreed to a vote recount, a party official said Wednesday, after concerns about irregularities and protests from losing party supporters.
Kyrgyzstan is trying to create the first parliamentary democracy in Central Asia, a region dominated by post-Soviet strongmen, four months after hundreds of people were killed in ethnic violence and six months after President Kurmanbek Bakiyev was overthrown in a revolt.
Akylbek Zhaparov, one of the leaders of the third-placed Ar-Namys party, said there was uncertainty about the number of votes cast in Sunday’s election.
The recount could admit a sixth party to parliament, which will have greater powers than the president.
Divisions among the parties mean difficult coalition talks lie ahead. None of the successful parties won more than 9 percent of the vote and a three-party coalition would be need to command a majority of the 120 seats.
More than 60 percent of voters cast ballots for 24 parties that failed to win seats.
Illustrating the potential for violence among those who voted for parties that lost out, up to 1,000 Butun Kyrgyzstan supporters held a rally Tuesday in Osh, scene of the worst ethnic violence in Kyrgyzstan’s modern history, saying the vote was rigged.
Zhaparov told a news conference in Bishkek results of the recount would be known in a day or two and did not rule out the possibility that Butun Kyrgyzstan, which came sixth in the poll, might win seats.
Kyrgyzstan hosts air bases for the United States and Russia. Washington uses its base to support the war in Afghanistan and has expressed support for the parliamentary model.
Susan Elliott, U.S. deputy assistant secretary of state for South and Central Asian affairs, said Washington would work with Kyrgyzstan’s new leaders and expected to reach agreement on its continued presence at the Manas air base.
“We are meeting with all the parties who will be involved in forming the government,” she said. “We haven’t finished those meetings, but I know that we will be able to come to agreement about the continuation of the transit centre.”
Russia opposes the parliamentary model, saying it could expose the country to more violence or a power grab by Islamist militants.
Zhaparov said the five winning parties had agreed there might be irregularities over the number of people who voted. He said the total of 2.85 million voters previously announced appeared to have swollen by nearly 200,000 to more than 3 million.
“We understand that the places of the parties that passed into parliament may change now,” he said. “All the parties understand this, and have agreed to this.”
The Central Election Commission would agree to a recount should there be any doubt about the result, its chairman, Akylbek Sariyev, said.
Adakhan Madumarov, leader of Butun Kyrgyzstan, told Reuters he was confident his party had passed the 5 percent threshold needed to enter parliament. The initial count showed it had 4.8 percent of the vote. “Where did those 200,000 additional votes come from?” he said.
Ar-Namys, led by former prime minister Felix Kulov, came third in the election after campaigning on the basis of close ties with Russia. It won 7.7 percent to become one of the five parties to enter parliament.
Ata Zhurt, a Kyrgyz nationalist party whose membership includes many former colleagues of Bakiyev, won 8.8 percent of the vote.
About 50 people, mostly friends and relatives of those killed when troops loyal to Bakiyev opened fire on crowds during the April revolt, gathered in Bishkek in protest against Ata Zhurt’s success.